South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions.
Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution's recognition of 11 official languages, which is the fourth-highest number in the world.
As they migrated, these larger Iron Age populations displaced or assimilated earlier peoples.
In Mpumalanga Province, several stone circles have been found along with the stone arrangement that has been named Adam's Calendar.
However, the vast majority of black South Africans were not enfranchised until 1994.
The two major historic groups were the Xhosa and Zulu peoples.Since 1994, the country has had an official name in each of its 11 official languages.Mzansi, derived from the Xhosa noun umzantsi meaning "south", is a colloquial name for South Africa, Archaeologists have recovered extensive fossil remains from a series of caves in Gauteng Province.Its economy is the second-largest in Africa, and the 33rd-largest in the world.In terms of purchasing power parity, South Africa has the seventh-highest per capita income in Africa.
Other sites include Swartkrans, Gondolin Cave Kromdraai, Coopers Cave and Malapa.